In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman's ovulation, removing an egg or eggs from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a dish in a laboratory. After the fertilized egg (zygote) undergoes embryonic culture, it is implanted in a woman's uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.
The focus of the treatment is to monitor women's endocrine systems, produce more mature eggs after ovarian stimulation. This approach requires proper drug stimulation and adjustment based on each individual.
After precisely determining when the eggs mature with ovaries ultrasound, they are removed by the ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval directly from the ovaries and fertilized in the laboratory with each sperm.
Fertilized eggs are cultured in the laboratory as embryos for 2 ~ 6 days and then implanted into the mother's uterus. Hopefully, the embryo can grow smoothly in the womb.
Applicable patients are:
- Female with obstructed fallopian tubes: Sperm and eggs cannot meet normally, and can only be fertilized by in vitro fertilization.
- Male with insufficient sperm quality: fewer numbers, poor motility, a high percentage of sperm with abnormal morphology, or inability to produce sperm.
- Severe endometriosis: With IVF, the pregnancy rate is higher than that of artificial conception.
- After the age of 35, IVF can provide a better and more effective way to get pregnant.